ISLA Maria Ines
Chilean Prosopis Mesocarp Flour: Phenolic Profiling and Antioxidant Activity
GUILLERMO SCHMEDA-HIRSCHMANN, CRISTINA QUISPE, MARIA DEL PILAR C. SORIANO, CRISTINA THEODULOZ, FELIPE JIMÉNEZ-ASPÉE, MARIA JORGELINA PÉREZ, ANA SOLEDAD CUELLO, MARIA INÉS ISLA
MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INTERNATIONAL-MDPI
Lugar: Basel; Año: 2015 vol. 20 p. 7017 - 7033
In South America, the mesocarp flour of Prosopis species plays a prominent role as a food resource in arid areas. The aim of this work was the characterization of the phenolic antioxidants occurring in the pod mesocarp flour of Chilean Prosopis. Samples were collected in the Copiapo, Huasco and Elqui valleys from the north of Chile. The samples of P. chilensis flour exhibited a total phenolic content ranging between 0.82-2.57 g gallic acid equivalents/100 g fresh flour weight. The highest antioxidant activity, measured by the DPPH assay, was observed for samples from the Huasco valley. HPLC-MS/MS analysis allowed the tentative identification of eight anthocyanins and 13 phenolic compounds including flavonol glycosides, C-glycosyl flavones and ellagic acid derivatives. The antioxidant activity and the phenolic composition in the flour suggest that this ancient South American resource may have potential as a functional food.