RADIVOY gabriel Eduardo
congresos y reuniones científicas
Applications of Computational and NMR Methodologies to the Study of Homoallylic Alcohols Diastereomers
Congreso; 23th ECSOC; 2019
Abstract: Through reducing the system InCl3-Li-DTBB(cat.) in THF at room temperature and in theabsence of any additives or anti-caking ligand, we have synthesized indium nanoparticles (InNPs)of about 4 nm. The catalyst was employed in the allylation of carbonyl compounds, giving excellentyields of the corresponding homoallylic alcohols. We have established that the reaction productscome from a γ-coupling via a six members cyclic transition state, type Zimmerman?Traxler. Relativeto the selectivity, the allylation with crotyl bromide of ortho substituted benzaldehydes (e.g., o-NO2,o-OMe, o-Cl, o-CF3) showed syn selectivity. With the aim to improve the mentioned selectivity, wesynthetized o-iPrO-benzaldehyde, and evaluated the reaction with crotyl bromide and InNPs. Thehomoallylic alcohol 1-(2-isopropoxyphenyl)-2-methylbut-3-en-1-ol was obtained almostquantitatively after 1h as a mixture of the syn- and anti- isomers. The relationship observed by 1HRMN was 75:25, but we did not know if the syn-isomer was the dominant because the product has not been reported in the scientific literature. Based on this, and in order to determinate which 1HNMR signals correspond to each isomer, we started computational theoretical and NMR studies.The initial conformational analysis was performed using the semiempirical PM3 method, then wework with the B3LYP functional, applying the 6-31+G* basis set and the solvent effect (chloroform)was evaluated with the PCM model as implemented in Gaussian09. So, we found thirteen lowenergy conformations for the syn-diastereomer and six low-energy conformations for the antidiastereomer. On the other hand, we have carried out NMR experiments such as 1H, 13C, HSQC, to assign the signals of each diastereomer; and experiments such as NOESY, selective NOE, JRes,homo- and hetero-nuclear J-coupled and J-decoupling, to be able to measure coupling constants and establish the structure of each diastereomer.