INVESTIGADORES
BALSEIRO esteban Gabriel
artículos
Título:
Effect of chronic UVR exposure on zooplankton molting and growth
Autor/es:
WOLINSKI, LAURA; SOUZA, MAR√ćA SOL; MODENUTTI, BEATRIZ; BALSEIRO, ESTEBAN
Revista:
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
Editorial:
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Referencias:
Año: 2020 vol. 267
ISSN:
0269-7491
Resumen:
Molting is a crucial physiological process in arthropods development, growth, and adult reproduction, where the chitinolytic enzyme chitobiase (CB) and the apoptosis process (caspase-3 activity) play crucial roles. Both molecular endpoints have been observed to be affected by different toxics that may be present in aquatic environments. However, the role of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) in the molting process remains with poor evidence and the possible effect of the previous exposure on F1 generation is unknown. Here, we conducted laboratory experiments with chronic UVR exposure to test the effect on the molting process of Daphnia commutata. Our results showed a clear negative effect of the UVR that affected the molting process with a reduction in individual growth. This trend was also observed in CB and caspase-3 activities. Our results also suggest that the UV dose received by the mother and eggs has an additive effect with the dose received by the offspring. These results imply that the cumulative impact of small UVR doses (2 h per day, daily dose: 2520 J m−2 of 340 nm) on mothers and eggs (which cannot be discriminated in our experiments) can have an additive or synergistic effect along with the generations through a potential increase in lethal effect. Finally, the observed desynchronization in the molting process by UVR will affect the fitness of individuals and population dynamics.