NICHELA daniela Alejandra
Iron cycling during the autocatalytic decomposition of benzoic acidderivatives by Fenton-like and photo-Fenton techniques
DANIELA A. NICHELA; JORGE A. DONADELLI; BRUNO F. CARAM; MÉNANA HADDOU; FELIPE J. RODRIGUEZ NIETO; ESTHER OLIVEROS; FERNANDO S. GARCÍA EINSCHLAG
APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 170 p. 312 - 321
In the context of our work on the oxidative degradation of a series of hydroxyl derivatives of benzoic acid(HBAs) by Fenton-like and photo-Fenton processes, we present a comprehensive study of the factors that affect the reduction of Fe(III) species, the rate limiting step in the Fenton reaction. We have investigated:(i) the formation of Fe(III)-HBA complexes, (ii) the ability of these complexes to participate in reductive pathways, and (iii) the formation of intermediate products capable of reducing ferric species.The results show that salicylate-like HBAs form stable bidentate ferric complexes in aqueous solutions at pH 3.0 and that Fe(III) complexation significantly decreases the overall degradation rates in Fenton systems by slowing down Fe(II) production through both dark and photo-initiated pathways. Interestingly,in contrast to ferric complexes of aliphatic carboxylates that undergo a photo-induced decarboxylation upon excitation in the 300-400 nm wavelength range, ferric-salicylate complexes yield Fe(II) and hydroxyl radicals by oxidation of water molecules in the coordination sphere of the metal center. However, their efficiencies are significantly lower than that of the Fe(III) aqua complex. Moreover, Fe(III)-HBAcomplexes are inert upon excitation of the LMCT bands involving the organic ligand (i.e., 400-600 nm).As observed for other aromatic compounds, Fe(III)-reducing intermediates formed during the Fenton oxidation of HBAs play a key role in iron cycling. The analysis of the primary oxidation/hydroxylation products as well as Fe(III)-reduction studies showed that, among dihydroxy aromatic derivatives, hydroquinone-like structures were much more efficient than catechol-like structures for reducing Fe(III).Although all trihydroxy derivatives produced Fe(II), ring opening reactions prevailed under the conditions of the Fenton reaction.The results of our investigation on the Fenton oxidation of HBA derivatives show that, in each particular case, the complex interplay of the aforementioned factors should be carefully evaluated for developing optimal applications of Fenton processes at a technological level.