Biodegradable sunflower protein films naturally activated with antioxidant compounds
SALGADO, PABLO R; MOLINA ORTIZ, SARA EUGENIA; PETRUCCELLI, SILVANA; MAURI, ADRIANA N
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Año: 2010 vol. 24 p. 525 - 533
The aim of this work was to study the formation of biodegradable films from sunflower protein isolates having different concentrations of phenolic compounds, which are present in sunflower seeds and are retained during the isolation of proteins from the residual pellet of the oil industry. Films were obtained by casting from aqueous dispersions of the isolates, using glycerol as plasticizer. Although proteins from different sunflower protein isolates presented different structural properties, such as surface hydrophobicity, the films obtained did not differ significantly regarding thickness (64-80 μm), density 1.47 g/cm), water content , water vapor permeability mechanical properties (traction), glass transition temperature, or type of interactions involved in the protein network, which in all cases were mainly hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic interactions, and disulfide bonds. Sunflower protein films contained phenolic compounds had antioxidant activity. As the concentration of these compounds increased the films also presented increasing opacity and greenish tones, with absorption maximums at wavelengths similar to those of chlorophyll (which suggests their potential use in mulching for impeding weed growth).