CARRIZO GARCIA Maria elena
The amphiphilic character of glycogenin
CARRIZO, MARÍA E.; MIOZZO, MARÍA C.; MAGGIO, BRUNO; CURTINO, JUAN A.
Elsevier Science B.V.
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2001 vol. 509 p. 323 - 323
This study describes for the first time the amphiphilicity of the protein moiety of proteoglycogen. Glycogenin but not proteoglycogen associates to phospholipid vesicles and forms by itself stable Gibbs and Langmuir monolayers at the air-buffer interface. The adsorption free energy (36.7 kcal/mol) and the glycogenin collapse pressure (47 mN/m) are indicative of its high surface activity which can thermodynamically drive and retain the protein at the membrane interface to a maximum equilibrium adsorption surface pressure of 21 mN/m. The marked surface activity of glycogenin is further enhanced by its thermodynamically favorable penetration into zwitterionic and anionic phospholipids with a high cut-off surface pressure point above 30 mN/m. The strong association to phospholipid vesicles and the marked surface activity of glycogenin correspond to a high amphiphilic character which supports its spontaneous association to membrane interfaces, in which the de novo biosynthesis of glycogen was proposed to initiate.