BALDÁN yanina Lorena
Non-isothermal drying of bio-wastes: Kinetic analysis and determination of effective moisture diffusivity
BALDÁN, YANINA; FERNANDEZ, ANABEL; URRUTIA, ANDRÉS REYES; FABANI, MARÍA PAULA; RODRIGUEZ, ROSA; MAZZA, GERMÁN
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2020 vol. 262
A macro-thermogravimetric analysis (macro-TGA) was applied to analyse the non-isothermal drying of different bio-wastes (quince solid waste, grape marc and pumpkin shell from different enterprises located in San Juan Province, Argentina). The experimental data were obtained at three heating rates (5, 10 and 15 K/min) and two different initial moisture contents (30 and 50% w/w). These data were fitted using the Coats-Redfern and Sharp methods. The D2 model showed the best fitting for all experiments when using the Coats-Redfern method. It is assumed that drying occurs on the solid boundary. The predicted Ea values ranged from 43.60 to 64.50 kJ/mol for the three bio-wastes under the different experimental conditions. The Ea value slightly increases with the increase in heating rate because the wastes require more energy to undergo drying. Deff increases moderately with temperature at the beginning of the dehydration process; then, this increasing behaviour is significant due to the loss of continuous moisture channels. Otherwise, Deff increases with the initial moisture content, showing that the humidity of the samples did not reach the saturation content.