AVENA marcelo Javier
Ellipsometric study of bovine serum albumin adsorbed onto Ti/TiO2 electrodes
C.E. GIACOMELLI; M.J. ESPLANDIÚ; P.I. ORTIZ; M.J. AVENA; C.P. DE PAULI.
JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 1999 vol. 218 p. 404 - 411
The adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto relatively hydrophobic TiO 2 surfaces was studied by ellipsometry as a func- tion of pH and BSA concentration. Titanium oxide layers were electrochemically grown on Ti disc electrodes. When fast attach- ment of BSA onto TiO 2 takes place, the adsorption can be consid- ered as occurring in two different steps. The ﬁrst step is fast and is the result of the direct adsorption of the protein molecules that attach to the surface without changing their conformation. The second process is slow and lasts for several hours. In this process, the adsorbed amount remains constant, whereas the thickness of the layer increases and its refractive index decreases with time. The changes in this second step are due mainly to rearrangements in the adsorbed layer produced by variations in the conformation and structure of the adsorbed molecules. The main conformational changes take place in the direction normal to the surface because lateral molecule?molecule interactions impede signiﬁcant lateral expansion. Adsorption from BSA solutions of low concentration does not appear to lead to signiﬁcant reconformation of the pro- tein layer. Comparison with adsorption on powdered TiO 2 indi- cates that the adsorbed amount and the effective area occupied by an adsorbed BSA molecule can remain about constant even when strong surface reconformation takes place.