AVENA marcelo Javier
Effects of pH and ionic strength on the adsorption of phosphate and arsenate at the goethite-water interface.
JUAN ANTELO; MARCELO AVENA; SARAH FIOL; ROCÍO LÓPEZ; FLORENCIO ARCE
JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE
Año: 2005 vol. 285 p. 476 - 486
The surface properties of a well-crystallized synthetic goethite have been studied by acid?base potentiometric titrations, electrophoresis, and phosphate and arsenate adsorption isotherms at different pH and electrolyte concentrations. The PZC and IEP of the studied goethite were 9.3 ± 0.1 and 9.3 ± 0.2, respectively. Phosphate and arsenate adsorption decrease as the pH increases in either 0.1 or 0.01 M KNO3 solutions. Phosphate adsorption is more sensitive to changes in pH and ionic strength than that of arsenate. The combined effects of pH and ionic strength result in higher phosphate adsorption in acidic media at most ionic strengths, but result in lower phosphate adsorption in basic media and low ionic strengths. The CD-MUSIC model yields rather good ﬁt of the experimental data. For phosphate it was necessary to postulate the presence of three inner-sphere surface complexes (monodentate nonprotonated, bidentate nonprotonated, and bidentate protonated). In contrast, arsenate could be well described by postulating only the presence of the two bidenate species. A small improvement of the arsenate adsorption data could be achieved by assuming the presence of a monodentate protonated species. Model predictions are in agreement with spectroscopic evidence, which suggest, especially for the case of arsenate, that mainly bidentate inner-sphere complexes are formed at the goethite?water interface.