INVESTIGADORES
AVENA marcelo Javier
artículos
Título:
Modelling the acid-base surface properties of aquatic sediments
Autor/es:
BORGNINO, L.; GARC√ćA, M.G.; DEL HIDALGO, M.V.; AVENA, M.; DE PAULI, C.; BLESA, M.; DEPETRIS, P.J.
Revista:
AQUATIC GEOCHEMISTRY
Editorial:
SPRINGER
Referencias:
Año: 2010 vol. 16 p. 279 - 291
ISSN:
1380-6165
Resumen:
We propose a model that explains the acid?base surface properties of clastic sediments from two Argentinean reservoir lakes. The model uses potentiometric titration data sets and fixed parameters such as the apparent stability constants and reaction stoichiometries of acid?base equilibriums involving known mineral phases. The model considers that sediments act as a set of independent sorption surfaces, such as organic matter,clay silicate, and iron (hydr)oxides, thus the acid?base equilibrium and the correspondent protolytic constants are represented by a humic acid, a Na-illite, and a poor crystalline Fe-hydr(oxide). In agreement with experimental data, the model predicts that all sediment samples show a similar charging behavior, increasing the negative charge as the pH increases. The net charge of sediments is controlled by the presence of negatively charged minerals and/or organic matter coatings. This reveals the great influence of clays and organic matter functional groups on the acid?base surface properties of sediments, and consequently on the surface reactivity toward contaminant transport.