AVENA marcelo Javier
The two-species phosphate adsorption kinetics on goethite
ARROYAVE, JEISON MANUEL; AVENA, MARCELO; TAN, WENFENG; WANG, MINGXIA
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2022 vol. 307
Studying the adsorption-desorption kinetics of ions and molecules is crucial to understand the mobility of nutrients and pollutants in the environment. This article reports the adsorption-desorption kinetics of phosphate on goethite, as measured by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy at pH 4.5, 7.0 and 9.5. The system phosphate-goethite has become a model system to test new experimental setups and theories to understand the behavior of pollutants with phosphonic or phosphinic moieties such as glyphosate or glufosinate. One of the main difficulties in the analysis of ATR-FTIR spectra in adsorption-desorption kinetics is to calibrate the equipment to convert absorbance vs. t curves into adsorption vs. t curves, and thus the methodology to achieve a good calibration using spectroscopic data in combination with adsorption isotherms is clearly described. The time evolution of the different surface species was monitored simultaneously during adsorption and desorption at different pH, showing the advantages of this spectroscopy over traditional adsorption methods that only quantify total adsorption. Results were analysed in terms of a simple adsorption-desorption model that takes into account transport, attachment, detachment and surface transformation of the adsorbed species. The same rate parameters at a given pH could predict well the adsorption-desorption kinetics of the two formed surface species and the corresponding adsorption isotherm, giving new insights into the dynamics of phosphate on the surface of goethite. It was found that phosphate desorbed faster from goethite at low pH than at high pH, which is counterintuitive, but has good practical and environmental applications.