GARIBALDI Lucas Alejandro
capítulos de libros
Services from plant-pollinator interactions in the Neotropics
GARIBALDI, L. A.; MUCHHALA, N.; MOTZKE, I.; BRAVO-MONROY, L.; OLSCHEWSKI, R.; KLEIN, A. M.
Ecosystem services from agriculture and agroforestry: measurement and payment
Año: 2011; p. 119 - 139
The Neotropics, with its large expanses of rainforests, forests and woodland savannas, includes some of the most diverse places on Earth (Kricher, 1999; Myers et al, 2000). A large proportion of plant and animal species in Neotropical communities are unique, including several pollinator species, which provide essential services to human welfare. In general, pollinators are known to enhance the sexual reproduction of the majority of angiosperms(Kearns et al, 1998) and can be important for the production of many crop species (McGregor, 1976; Klein et al, 2007; Aizen et al, 2009a). There is a wide array of arthropod and vertebrate pollinator species in the Neotropics, although we know little about their natural history and contribution to pollination (Kevan and Imperatriz-Fonseca, 2002; Freitas et al, 2009). This chapter reviews studies on pollination services in the Neotropics, with an emphasis on crop pollination. We briefly describe the main taxa involved in pollination, followed by a list of the main crops grown in the Neotropics and a description of how many they rely on biotic pollination. Because methods vary across studies, key methodologies to determine pollination services are summarized. Finally, we discuss management options to improve pollination services at the farm and landscape scale, and socio-economic drivers affecting pollination.