GARIBALDI Lucas Alejandro
Pollinator shortage and global crop yield: looking at the whole spectrum of pollinator dependency.
GARIBALDI, L. A.; AIZEN, M. A.; CUNNINGHAM, S. A.; KLEIN, A. M.
Communicative & Integrative Biology (indexada en PubMed Central y PMC, en evaluación en SCI - ISI)
Año: 2009 vol. 2 p. 37 - 39
A pollinator decline caused by environmental degradation might be compromising the production of pollinator-dependent crops. In a recent article, we compared 45 year series (19612006) in yield, production, and cultivated area of pollinator-dependent and nondependent crop around the world. If pollinator shortage is occurring globally, we expected a lower annual growth rate in yield for pollinator-dependent than nondependent crops, but a higher growth in cultivated area to compensate the lower yield. We have found little evidence for the first yield prediction but strong evidence for the second area prediction. Here, we present an additional analysis to show that the first and second predictions are both supported for crops that vary in dependency levels from nondependent to moderate dependence (i.e. up to 65% average yield reduction without pollinators). However, those crops for which animal pollination is essential (i.e. 95% average yield reduction without pollinators) showed higher growth in yield and lower expansion in area than expected in a pollination shortage scenario. We propose that pollination management for highly pollinator-dependent crops, such us renting hives or hand pollination, might have compensated for pollinator limitation of yield.