GARCIA adolfo Martin
congresos y reuniones científicas
Bound and anaphoric pronouns in Spanish
GELORMINI-LEZAMA, C., HUEPE, D., HERRERA, E., MANES, F., GARCÍA, A. M. E IBÁÑEZ, A.
Encuentro; NeuroCog Buenos Aires 2015: Primer Encuentro de Neurología Cognitiva; 2015
Universidad de Buenos Aires
The Overt Pronoun Constraint (OPC: Montalbetti, 1984) states that, in null subject languages, overt pronouns, subjects of embedded clauses cannot be bound by wh- or quantifier antecedents. The OPC has for decades been used to show that L2 grammars are constrained by Universal Grammar (UG): if the OPC is not taught, nor transferred from the L1, then it must be a universal principle. OPC obedience in L1 has been taken for granted. Through the administration of two written questionnaires, we examined the OPC in 246 monolingual native speakers of three dialects of Spanish: Barranquilla (Colombia), Santiago (Chile), and Buenos Aires (Argentina). We tested the predictions that overt pronouns cannot be bound by wh- antecedents (Experiment 1) or quantifier antecedents (Experiment 2). Tukey?s HSD comparisons showed that the OPC was not operative in any of these dialects. In Experiment 1, the percentage of bound and anaphoric answers was approximately the same. In Experiment 2, the percentage of bound answers was significantly higher than anaphoric answers. These results challenge the widely held view that the OPC is a universal principle and should discourage us from using it as an argument for the involvement of UG in L2 grammars. Implications both for theories of pronoun resolution in null subject languages and for theories of first and second language acquisition are discussed. Montalbetti, M. (1984). After Binding: On the Interpretation of Pronouns. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.