GARCIA adolfo Martin
congresos y reuniones científicas
Verbs of doing, in the brain: Where, how, and why
GARCÍA, ADOLFO M.
Seminario; Systemic Functional Linguistics Seminar Series; 2014
University of Sydney
Systemic-functional linguistics (SFL) posits a semantic distinction between processes and participants, which is typically manifested as by the lexicogrammatical contrast between verbs and nouns. Moreover, the theory distinguishes among several process types, such as material and mental processes. Choices available within the so-called ideation base have been shown to possess cognitive plausibility (Halliday & Matthiessen, 1999), but virtually no studies seem to have addressed the neurological basis of such distinction ?the only apparent exception being Melrose (2005). To foster progress in this direction, this presentation brings together relevant behavioral, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological studies conducted with both neurotypical and brain-damaged participants. First, the evidence points to a neural dissociation between processes/verbs and participants/nouns. Second, converging data highlight the neural differentiation between processes/verbs of doing processes/verbs of sensing. Unlike the latter, processes/verbs of doing seem to be depend crucially on the basal ganglia and frontal regions implicated in motor processing (Bocanegra, García et al., submitted; Cardona, Kargieman et al., 2014; Ibáñez, Cardona et al., 2013). These findings have noteworthy clinical implications (García & Ibánez, 2014) and suggest a fruitful avenue of interaction between SFL and cognitive neuroscience. References Bocanegra, Y., A. M. García, N. Trujillo & A. Ibáñez (submitted). Basal ganglia involvement in language: Progressive inter-cognitive and intra-linguistic dissociations in Parkinson?s disease. Cardona, J. F., L. Kargieman, V. Sinay, O. Gershanik, C. Gelormini, L. Amoruso et al. (2014). How embodied is action language? Neurological evidence from motor diseases. Cognition 131, 311-322. García, A. M. & A. Ibáñez (2014). Words in motion: Motor-language coupling in Parkinson?s disease. Translational Neuroscience 5(2), 152-159. Halliday, M. A. K. & C. M. I. M. Matthiessen (1999). Construing Experience through Meaning: A Language-based Approach to Cognition. London: Cassell. Ibáñez, A., J. F. Cardona, Y. Vidal Dos Santos, A. Blenkmann, P. Aravena, M. Roca et al. (2013). Motor-language coupling: Direct evidence from early Parkinson?s disease and intracranial cortical recordings. Cortex 49, 968-984. Melrose, R. (2005). How a neurological account of language can be reconciled with a linguist?s account of language: The case of systemic-functional linguistics. Journal of Neurolinguistics 18, 401-421.