CARRERA Constanza Soledad
Leaf photosynthesis and senescence in heated and droughted field-grown soybean with contrasting seed protein concentration
ERGO, VERÓNICA V.; VEAS, RODOLFO E.; VEGA, CLAUDIA R.C.; LASCANO, RAMIRO; CARRERA, CONSTANZA S.
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER
Año: 2021 vol. 166 p. 437 - 447
Soybean plants under heat and drought generate a multiplicity of responses in photosynthesis and senescence, impairing growth, yield, and seed quality. The goal of this study was to analyze and quantify independent and combined effects of heat and drought during seed filling on photosynthesis and senescence, and its subsequent effects on the filling duration in soybean genotypes contrasting on seed protein. Two field experiments were conducted using high and low seed protein genotypes. During seed filling plants were exposed to four treatments: control (ambient temperature and soil water content near field capacity), heat stress (HS, episodes above 32 ◦C 6 h d-1) during 15-d, drought stress (DS, soil water content ≤ 25% of field capacity) during the entire seed filling, and HS × DS. We found non-genotypic variation in leaf photosynthesis in both experiments. Irrigated HS, did no alter photosynthesis and senescence. Drought, regardless of heat, reduced photosynthesis, carbohydrate production and affected membranes integrity, leading to premature leaf senescence and shortening the filling duration. The magnitude of responses was similar between drought alone and stresses combined, indicating a dominant role of drought over heat. The seed filling duration was not shorter in high protein compared to low protein genotype, nor was senescence pattern altered across treatments. These results indicated that the higher seed protein content exhibited by some genotypes are not necessarily associated with an earlier onset of senescence and shortening of the filling period as suggested by previous studies analyzing genotypes differing in protein concentration.