CARRERA Constanza Soledad
Factors Affecting Tocopherol Concentrations in Soybean Seeds
CARRERA, CONSTANZA S.; SEGUIN, PHILIPPE
JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Año: 2016 vol. 64 p. 9465 - 9474
ABSTRACT: Soybean seeds contain several health-beneficial compounds, including tocopherols, which are used by the nutraceutical and functional food industries. Soybean tocopherol concentrations are, however, highly variable. Large differences observed in tocopherol concentrations among soybean genotypes together with the relatively simple biosynthetic pathway involving few genes support the feasibility of selecting for high tocopherol soybean. Tocopherol concentrations are also highly influenced by environmental factors and field management. Temperature during seed filling and soil moisture appear to be the main factors impacting tocopherol concentrations, other factors such as soil fertility and solar radiation also affecting concentrations and composition. Field management decisions including seeding date, row spacing, irrigation, and fertilization also impact tocopherols. Knowledge of factors affecting soybean tocopherols is essential in order to develop management strategies that will lead to the production of seeds with consistent target concentrations that will meet the needs of the nutraceutical and functional food industries.