Pre-Inca and Inca Pottery. Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, Argentina
AGUSTINA SCARO; CLARISA OTERO; MARÍA BEATRIZ CREMONTE
Año: 2017 p. 235
Pottery production, as one of the most widespread productive activities in the past, allows us to approach different aspects of people?s lives. Therefore, the analysis of archaeological settlement pottery provides information about human behavior and social practices linked to its production, distribution, and consumption, both in everyday and ritual activities.In the province of Jujuy (the northernmost sector of Argentina) Quebrada de Humahuaca is one of the most widely recognized archaeological zones and one of the most widely studied. An important reason for this is undoubtedly the particular topography of the Quebrada, a semi-arid valley stretching between 1800 and 2800 masl. This topography has facilitated its functioning as a natural corridor linking nearby desert-like, high-altitude regions in the west (Puna) to lower altitude, humid valleys located to the east (Yungas) in what is today the Province of Jujuy.Similarly to what has been found for other Andean regions, permanent settlements occurred over time and those settlements were transformed into highly complex productive societies since the thirteenth century, corresponding to the Regional Developments Period (RDP; Late Intermediate Period in the Andes). During that period, the development of pottery styles reflected the materiality of the Omaguaca groups identity. During the fifteenth century Quebrada de Humahuaca was incorporated into the Tawantinsuyu (the Inca Empire). The Inca Empire extended over 5000 km in western South America, from Ecuador to Chile, incorporating different environments and ethnicities with varying levels of political complexity. A range of direct or indirect strategies of domination were performed in the provinces as revealed by Spanish chronicles and the study of archaeological records. Relations between the state and subject groups had to be tailored to the existing organizations, capabilities, and interests of both the central powers and the provinces, with different existing scales of control in productive activities, such as pottery production. On the other hand, within the frame of the state political and economic strategies, some foreign pottery styles may be partly attributable to the Inca practice of mitmaqkuna, the displacement and relocation of entire subject populations.A selection of articles that reflect part of the results obtained within the Project of the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCYT) PICT 01538 Cerámicas arqueológicas de Jujuy (Quebrada de Humahuaca, yungas yvalles templados). Prácticas sociales y arqueología aplicada are included in this book. Through these articles, different perspectives for archaeological pottery studies are presented, regarding the understanding of pre-Hispanic social practices. Moreover, applied archaeology tasks carried out provided experiences linked to contemporary perceptions of local communities about archaeological cultural heritage. As study cases, pottery contexts of different archaeological settlements researched at Quebrada de Humahuaca in northern, central, and the central south sectors are analyzed. Also within the Appendix is included a selected ceramic sample from the site Esquina de Huajra. The aim of this book is to contribute to Quebrada de Humahuaca?s archaeological knowledge and promote its inclusion in current discussions about Andean and worldwide past pottery production.