GIRONACCI Mariela Mercedes
congresos y reuniones científicas
Interaction Between The Ang-(1-7) Receptor Mas And The Bradykinin B2 Receptor: Functional Implications
BRUNO CERRATO, OSCAR CARRETERO, HERNÁN GRECCO, AND MARIELA M GIRONACCI
Congreso; High Blood Pressure Research 2014; 2014
G protein-coupled receptors (R) exist as homo- or hetero-oligomers, which is essential for receptor function. Since BK actions were blocked by a Mas R antagonist or that Ang-(1-7) responses disappeared when the BK receptor B2 was blocked, we hypothesized that Mas and B2 Rs on the plasma membrane may interact through hetero-oligomer formation. Our aim was to investigate the existence of heteromerization between Mas and B2 Rs by the fluorescence energy transfer (FRET) technique and the functional consequences of this oligomer formation. HEK293T cells were transfected with the coding sequence for Mas R fused to YFP and B2 R fused to CFP. After 48 h cells were incubated in the absence and presence of 1 μM Ang-(1-7) or BK during 15 min and interaction between Mas and B2 R was evaluated by FRET. Functional consequences of this interaction were determined by ligand binding assays. A positive FRET was observed in cells cotransfected with MasR-YFP and B2R-CFP, suggesting that both Mas and B2 Rs interact by a hetero-oligomer formation in a constitutive manner. This hetero-oligomer was not altered by the agonist because FRET was not modified when the cells were stimulated with BK or Ang-(1-7). Ang-(1-7) or BK induced internalization of this hetero-oligomer into early endosomes since MasR-YFP or B2R-CFP colocalized with Rab-5, an early endosome marker, after ligand stimulation. When MasR-YFP plus B2R-CFP transfected cells were stimulated with Ang-(1-7) there was a decrease of 82±6% in Mas R and 58±4% in B2 R present in the plasma membrane. Conversely, when MasR-YFP plus B2R-CFP transfected cells were stimulated with BK there was a decrease of 91±4% in B2 R and 53±3% in Mas R in the plasma membrane. This result clearly demonstrates that in co-expressing cells of both receptors the selective stimulation of one of the GPCRs promotes co-internalization of both receptors. We conclude that Mas and B2 Rs constitutively interact through an hetero-oligomer formation at the plasma membrane which may explain the cross-talk between Ang-(1-7) and BK. This hetero-oligomer is internalized upon stimulation with either Ang-(1-7) or BK, leading to a decrease in the number of Rs present in the membrane.