GIRONACCI Mariela Mercedes
Involvement of angiotensin-(1-7) in the hypothalamic hypotensive effect of captopril in sinoaortic denervated rats.
HÖCHT C, GIRONACCI MM, MAYER MA, SCHUMAN M, BERTERA FM, TAIRA CA.
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Año: 2008 vol. 146 p. 58 - 66
The role of anterior hypothalamic angiotensin-(1?7) (Ang-(1?7)) on blood pressure regulation was studied in sinoaortic denervated (SAD) rats. Since angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors increase endogenous levels of Ang-(1?7), we addressed the involvement of Ang-(1?7) in the hypotensive effect induced by captopril in SAD rats. Wistar rats 7 days after SAD or sham operation (SO) were anaesthetized and the carotid artery was cannulated for monitoring mean arterial pressure (MAP). A needle was inserted into the anterior hypothalamus for drug administration. Intrahypothalamic administration of Ang-(1?7) (5 pmol) was without effect in SO rats but reduced MAP in SAD rats by 15.5±3.2 mm Hg and this effect was blocked by 250 pmol [D-Ala7]-Ang-(1?7), a Mas receptor antagonist. Angiotensin II (Ang II) induced an increase in MAP in both groups being the effect greater in SAD rats (ΔMAP=15.8±1.4 mm Hg) than in SO rats (ΔMAP=9.6±1.0 mm Hg). Ang-(1?7) partially abolished the pressor response caused by Ang II in SAD rats. Whilst the captopril intrahypothalamic injection did not affect MAP in SO animals, it significantly reduced MAP in SAD rats (ΔMAP=−13.3±1.9 mm Hg). Either [D-Ala7]-Ang-(1?7) or an anti-Ang-(1?7) polyclonal antibody partially blocked the MAP reduction caused by captopril. In conclusion, whilst Ang-(1?7) does not contribute to hypothalamic blood pressure regulation in SO normotensive animals, in SAD rats the heptapeptide induces a reduction of blood pressure mediated by Mas receptor activation. Although Ang-(1?7) is not formed in enough amount in the AHA of SAD animals to exert cardiovascular effects in normal conditions, our results suggest that enhancement of hypothalamic Ang-(1?7) levels by administration of captopril is partially involved in the hypotensive effect of the ACE inhibitor.