RUGGERA roman alberto
congresos y reuniones científicas
Effect of tree species extinction on avian cavity nesters in Northwestern Argentina
CONSTANZA G. VIVANCO; ALEJANDRO SCHAAF; ROMÁN A. RUGGERA; LUIS O. RIVERA; NATALIA POLITI
Congreso; I Congreso Latinoamericano IUFRO de Ecología del Paisaje / II Congreso Latinoamericano de IALE; 2016
The interactions between birds that use tree cavities for breeding, roosting and sheltering have been named ?nest webs?. We applied for the first time in nest-web studies some tools developed in network theory, in order to develop conservation and management recommendations of forest biodiversity. We recorded 109 interactions between 15 bird and 11 cavity-bearing tree species, in a subtropical piedmont forest of northwestern Argentina. Bird species in this nest-web included four woodpecker species, whose cavities were scarcely (9%) used by non-excavator birds, such as parrots, owls, and woodcreepers. Based on the Importance and Strength indices the most important tree species were Calycophyllum multiflorum (Rubiaceae) and Anadenanthera colubrina (Fabaceae). The nest web contained three main interaction modules: one composed by woodpeckers interacting with both living and standing dead trees; another by non-excavator birds using decay-formed cavities in living trees; and a third small module that had a few birds using woodpecker-excavated cavities in living trees. Important tree species were different for woodpecker and non-excavator modules. Extinction simulation of the most important tree species tripled the negative impact on cavity-using bird assemblage compared with the random extinction of tree species. In logging operations special consideration should be taken to ensure the maintenance of key tree species for the conservation of all the nest-web components in piedmont forest of northwestern Argentina.