IANNONE Leopoldo Javier
congresos y reuniones científicas
Does Neotyphodium pampeanum impact on soil phosphorus solubilizing fungi?
ARRIETA, A.M; IANNONE L.J; SCERVINO, J.M.; VIGNALE M.V.,; SCAMBATO, A.A.; NOVAS M.V.
Congreso; 8th International Symposium on Fungal Endophytes of Grasses (ISFEG); 2012
Phosphorus is one of the most important major nutrients required for the growth and development of crop plants, playing a vital role in virtually every plant process. However, is one of the most immobile and unavailable nutrient present in the soil. Phosphorus solubilizing microorganisms enable P to become available for plant uptake after solubilization. Several soil saprobe fungi possess the ability to bring insoluble phosphates in soil into soluble forms by secreting organic acids (Rashid et al., 2004). These acids lower the pH and bring about the dissolution of bound forms of phosphates. In addition to saprobes, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are among the most relevant soil microorganisms that improve P uptake by plants. Neotyphodium endophytes frequently increase plant growth and may promote changes that affect the environment where the hosts live, altering soil conditions and changing the rhizosphere communities (Omacini et al., 2007). Through these changes, they may affect the establishment of different fungal species modulating the diversity of the rhizospheric community (Matthews & Clay, 2001). If endophytes promote the establishment of P-solubilizing fungi (PSF) then the phosphorus available to plants may increase (Kapoor et al., 2007). The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of Neotyphodium endophytes on two functional rhizospheric communities: the diversity and abundance of PSF and the AMF in a temporal scale.