IANNONE Leopoldo Javier
Epichloë exudates promote in vitro and in vivo arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi development and plant growth
VIGNALE, M.V.; IANNONE, L.J.; SCERVINO, J.M.; NOVAS, M.V.
PLANT AND SOIL
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2017 vol. 1-2 p. 267 - 281
AbstractBackground and aimsWe studied, through exudates employment, the effect of Epichloë (endophytic fungi), both independently and in association with Bromus auleticus (grass), on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) colonization, host and neighbouring plants biomass production and soil changes.MethodsThrough in vitro and greenhouse experiments, Epichloë endophytes effect on AMF development was evaluated. In vitro studies of exudates effect on Gigaspora rosea and Rhizophagus intraradices were performed using root or endophyte exudates. A 6-month greenhouse experiment was conducted to determine Bromus auleticus endophytic status effect and endophyte exudates role in biomass production, neighbouring plants mycorrhizal colonization and soil properties.ResultsEndophyte exudates and E+ plant root exudates promoted in vitro AMF development in the pre-infective stage of G. rosea and in carrot root culture mycelium of R. intraradices in a dose-response relationship, while control media and E- plants exudates had no effect. R. intraradices colonization and plant growth was clearly increased by endophytes and their exudates.ConclusionsThis is the first work evidencing the direct effect of Epichloë endophytes and infected plants root exudates on AMF extramatrical development. While higher levels of AMF colonization were observed in E+ plants, no clear effect was detected in neighbouring plants colonization, plant biomass or soil properties.