BONETTO Carlos Alberto
Agrochemicals? effects on functional feeding groups of macroinvertebrates in Pampas streams.
M. SOLÍS,; M. ARIAS; FANELLI, S.; C. BONETTO; H. MUGNI; H. MUGNI
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2019 vol. 101 p. 373 - 379
The use of agrochemicals in Argentina has increased over the last decades and may represent an environmental risk for adjacent water bodies. In this work we study the invertebrate assemblages in nine streams sampled at 11 sites with different land use on the adjacent plots in the years 2011-2014. Four sites were located inside a biosphere reserve, 4 sites were located adjacent to livestock plots and the other 3 sites were adjacent to cultivated plots. The taxa composition was assessed and sorted into functional feeding groups: shredders, gatherers, filterers, scrapers and predators. Significant differences were detected among the functional feeding groups according to the use given to the adjacent land. Total density and taxonomic richness were significantly higher in the streams next to the reserve and livestock sites than in those adjacent to cultivated plots; there were no differences between the first two. Shredders were dominant (43-45% of total density) at the reserve and livestock sites while scrapers and predators were dominant at the cultivated sites (31 and 35% of total density, respectively). Nutrient concentrations in water and endosulfan concentrations in the bottom sediments were also higher at the cultivated sites, suggesting that agrochemical loads from land cultivation caused the observed differences in composition.