INVESTIGADORES
BOND mariano
artículos
Título:
Archaeogaia macachaae gen. et sp. nov., one of the oldest Notoungulata Roth, 1903 from the early-middle Paleocene Mealla Formation (Central Andes, Argentina) with insights into the Paleocene-Eocene south American biochronology
Autor/es:
ZIMICZ, ANA NATALIA; FERNÁNDEZ, MERCEDES; BOND, MARIANO; CHORNOGUBSKY, LAURA; ARNAL, MICHELLE; CÁRDENAS, MAGALÍ; FERNICOLA, JUAN CARLOS
Revista:
JOURNAL OF SOUTH AMERICAN EARTH SCIENCES
Editorial:
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Referencias:
Año: 2020 vol. 103
ISSN:
0895-9811
Resumen:
In this contribution, we report the discovery of Archaeogaia macachaae gen. et sp. nov., one of the oldest notoungulate recovered from the upper section of Mealla Formation in the Tonco Valley (Northwestern Argentina, Salta Province). The new material consists on a left mandibular fragment with damaged m1 and complete m2-3. Archaeogaia macachaae is characterized by the following combination of features: m1 slightly shorter than m2 and both larger than m3; brachydont molars; talonid mesio-distally shorter than trigonid; metaconid slightly taller than protoconid and distally placed; reduced paraconid in m2; metalophid straight in m2?3, but it runs mesially forming a slightly obtuse angle in the labial edge in m2, whereas it is more transverse in m3; transverse entolophid; mesial cingulid extending from the middle to the lingual face of molars; and distal cingulid connecting the hypoconulid with the mesial face of the entoconid on m2?3. We perform a phylogenetic analysis based on a data matrix composed of 147 craniodental characters and 70 taxa. The analysis yields 6104 most parsimonious trees of 423 steps each. In the strict consensus previously well-supported clades collapse into a polytomy; and Archaeogaia is positioned within the order Notoungulata based on two synapomorphies: a) presence of a transverse entolophid, and b) lower cheek teeth with short mesio-distal protolophid, transverse metalophid and mesio-distal hypolophid slightly convex labially. The former character was recovered as a synapomorphy for Notoungulata in several previous studies. According to the reduced consensus, Archaeogaia occupies different positions within the order; these fluctuating locations could be the result of the presence of plesiomorphic features in the holotype, and the absence of the structures that define the notoungulate clades in which the new taxon is located. The paleomagnetic data indicates that the Mealla Formation was deposited during Chron 27r to the base of Chron 26r (latest Danian-earliest Selandian). In this context, we discuss the finding of Archaeogaia, and the age of Mealla Formation in the South American biochronology.