Contrasting life-histories in two syntopic amphibians of the Leptodactylus fuscus group (Heyer 1978)
MARANGONI, F.; COURTIS, A. C.; PIÑIERO, J. M.; INGARAMO, M. D. R.; CAJADE, R.; STANESCU, F.
ANAIS DA ACADEMIA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS.
ACAD BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIAS
We used skeletochronology to compare age, size, reproductive parameters and growth patterns of two related, syntopic anuran amphibians from Northern Argentina: Leptodactylus bufonius (n = 69) and L. latinasus (n = 56), in order to better understand their coexistence in syntopy. Previous studies showed that the two species overlap in their dietary requirements and utilize the same habitats for feeding and breeding. We found that their life-history patterns are significantly different, L. bufonius being larger, and having a higher reproductive output and lifespan, compared to the smaller and shorter-living L. latinasus. Since none of the species exhibited sexual size dimorphism, and both acquired sexual maturity after the first year of life, we suggest that the differences in the observed life history parameters must appear during early stages of development, during larval and/or juvenile stages.