FIORELLI lucas Ernesto
NEW REMAINS OF NOTOSUCHUS TERRESTRIS WOODWARD, 1896 (CROCODYLIFORMES: MESOEUCROCODYLIA) FROM LATE CRETACEOUS OF NEUQUÉN, PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA
LUCAS FIORELLI; JORGE CALVO
ARQUIVOS DO MUSEU NACIONAL
Lugar: Río de Janeiro; Año: 2008 vol. 66 p. 83 - 124
New materials of Notosuchus terrestris are here described. They were found on Bajo de la Carpa Formation outcrops, near the Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Neuquén City. Descriptions were based on five specimens, one of them the only specimen of Notosuchus with postcranial remains articulated to the skull. As in Sphagesaurus, it presents triangular teeth in cross-section and oblique molariforms with worn facet surface. As in Mariliasuchus, it possesses procumbent mandibular incisiform teeth and, like in other notosuchians and basal crocodyliforms, it was able of proal mandibular movement. The centra of cervical vertebrae possess ventral keel as in Chimaerasuchus. Elongated cervical neural spines and suprapostzygapophyseal laminae in cervicodorsal vertebrae are observed. The scapular dorsal end is greatly enlarged, while the coracoid ventromedial process end is moderately developed. The dorsal surface of the ilium is lateromedially wide with a greatly expanded acetabular roof and a prominent anteromedial process in the femoral shaft. Based on diverse cranial and postcranial characters, we infer that Notosuchus possessed facial and perioral musculature well developed and an herbivore diet, confirming the suggestions of previous authors. Notosuchus represents, based on phylogenetic studies, the sister taxon of Mariliasuchus and the monophyly of Notosuchia is demonstrated. Paleobiogeographycally, the occurrence of Chimaerasuchus in China evidences the faunistic interchange between Gondwana and Central Asia during the Early Cretaceous.