URDAMPILLETA juan Domingo
Cytogenetic markers for the characterization of Capsicum annuum L. cultivars
ROMERO, M V; URDAMPILLETA, J D; FORNI-MARTINS, E R; MOSCONE, E A
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2017 vol. 151 p. 84 - 91
Karyotypic studies with conventional staining have been unsuccessful due to the uniformity of Capsicum chromosomes. In this study, we found diagnostic chromosome characters that permit to characterize cultivars; this is the first cytological characterization of both rDNAs (18S and 5S) in a species of Capsicum using a genus specific probe and the most exhaustive in C. annuum to date. The heterochromatic banding patterns enabled us to identify cultivars, and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) showed one 5S rDNA locus largely conserved within the cultivars, whereas high variation in the number of 18S rDNA loci was observed. One of the most obvious differences is the presence of an additional active nucleolar organizer region in pair #12 and the dispersal of inactive 18S rDNA signals. These results indicate that fluorochrome banding together with silver impregnation and FISH procedures are very useful for the identification of chromosomes and the interpretation of chromosomal variation between cultivars. The functional role of this variation is still uncertain, but our results show that copy number variation of repetitive DNA during the course of evolution might provide an excellent experimental system for studying genome rearrangements accompanying functional divergence in domesticated C. annuum.