JOBBAGY GAMPEL Esteban Gabriel
Isotopic insights on continental water sources and transport in the mountains and plains of Southern South America
POCA, MARÍA; NOSETTO, MARCELO D.; BALLESTEROS, SILVINA; CASTELLANOS, GEORGE; JOBBÁGY, ESTEBAN G.
ISOTOPES IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH STUDIES
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Hosting the flattest sedimentary plains and highest Andean range of the continent, southern South America faces hydrological transformations driven by climate and land use changes. Although water stable isotopes can help understand these transformations, regional synthesis on their composition is lacking. We compiled for the first time a dataset of H and O isotopic composition for 1659 samples (precipitation, rivers, groundwater and lakes) along latitude (22.4°S to 41.6°S), longitude (55.3°W to 71.5°W), elevation (1?4700 m) and precipitation (∼50 to ∼1500 mm/a) gradients encompassing the Chaco-Espinal-Pampas plains, their adjacent Andean Cordillera and smaller mountain ranges in-between. Emerging patterns reveal (i) only slight seasonal isotope trends in precipitation with no effects of event size, (ii) Atlantic/Amazonian vs. Pacific moisture supply to rivers north and south of the ?arid diagonal? of the continent, respectively, (iii) uniform isotopic composition in Atlantic/Amazonian-fed rivers vs. poleward isotope enrichment in Pacific-fed rivers caused by the elevation decline of the Andes, (iv) strong direct evaporation effect in rivers and shallow (