LAVIA Graciela Ines
Karyotypic studies in wild germplasm of Arachis (Leguminosae)
LAVIA, G. I; ORTIZ, A. M.; FERNÁNDEZ, A
GENETIC RESOURCES AND CROP EVOLUTION
Lugar: Dordrecht; Año: 2009 vol. 56 p. 755 - 755
Abstract The karyomorphology for eight diploid species of Arachis belonging to three sections has been described for the first time, Sect. Extranervosae: A. macedoi (2n = 20m) and A. retusa (2n = 14m ? 6sm); Sect. Heteranthae: A. sylvestris (2n = 16m ? 4sm); Sect. Procumbentes: A. chiquitana (2n = 18m ? 2sm); Sect. Arachis: A. cruziana (2n = 18m ? 2sm), A. herzogii (2n = 18m ? 2sm), A. simpsonii (2n = 20m) and A. williamsii (2n = 20m). A pair of satellited chromosomes was observed in all species. A chromosomes were found in A. chiquitana, A. herzogii and A. simpsonii. Karyotypic differences between sections were observed, but not enough to establish a characteristic karyotype pattern for each section. However, the species may be differentiated by the presence of A chromosomes, the type and position of satellites, and the karyotype formulae. These results are discussed with regard to karyotype evolution in Arachis to contribute to understanding the role of chromosome changes in the evolution of the genus.