GOLDBERG Francisco Javier
A tale of a tail: variation during the early ontogeny of Haddadus binotatus (Brachycephaloidea: Craugastoridae) as compared to other directdevelopers
GOLDBERG, J.; VERA CANDIOTI, M. F.
JOURNAL OF HERPETOLOGY
SOC STUDY AMPHIBIANS REPTILES
Lugar: Salt Lake City; Año: 2015 vol. 49 p. 479 - 484
The New World direct-developing frogs (Brachycephaloidea = Terrarana) comprise nearly a thousand species that share direct development among other putative synapomorphies, yet embryonic development in this group has been thoroughly described only in about 20 species. Here we describe the early ontogeny of the craugastorid Haddadus binotatus, making specialemphasis on tail structure and development, and its differences and similarities with that of other terraranans. The morphological changes during embryonic development of H. binotatus and those of other Neotropical direct-developing species are alike, with some variation including the absence of external gills, timing of limb differentiation, and tail configuration. The tail with a rotated core axis and lateral and asymmetric fins that cover the posterior half of the embryo represents an outstanding case of developmental repatterning. We present some interpretations of the evolution of the tail and its three major aspects, the rotation of the core axis, and the origin and extensions of the fins, and pinpoint that those mechanisms underlying fin development should be fairly plastic as to allow the ontogenetic and evolutionary variation within the Brachycephaloidea clade.