FRANCHI Ana Maria
High glucose levels modulate eicosanoid production in uterine and placental tissue from non-insulin-dependent diabetic rats during late pregnancy.
JAWERBAUM ALICA; NOVARO VIRGINIA; FRANCHI ANA MARIA; GIMENO MARTA; GONZALEZ ELIDA
PROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 1998 vol. 58 p. 389 - 393
Severe uterine and placental disturbances have been described in diabetes pathology. The relative severity of these changes appears to correlate with high glucose levels in the plasma and incubating environment. In order to characterize changes in eicosanoid production we compared uterine and placental arachidonic acid conversion from control and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) rats on day 21 of pregnancy, into different prostanoids, namely PGE2, PGF22alpha, TXB2 (indicating the production of TXA2) and 6-keto-PGF1 (indicating the generation of PGI2). PGE2, PGF2alpha and TXB2 production was higher and 6-keto-PGF1alpha was similar in diabetic compared to control uteri. PLA2 activity was found diminished in the NIDDM uteri in comparison to control. A role for PLA2 diminution as a protective mechanism to avoid prostaglandin overproduction in uterine tissue from NIDDM rats is discussed. Placental tissues showed an increment in TXB2 generation and a decrease in 6-keto PGF1alpha level in diabetic rats when compared to control animals. Moreover, when control uterine tissue was incubated in the presence of elevated glucose concentrations (22 mM), similar generation of 6-keto PGF1alpha and elevated production of PGE2, PGF2alpha and TXB2 were found when compared to those incubated with glucose 11 mM. Placental TXB2 production was higher and 6-keto PGF1alpha was lower when control tissues were incubated in the presence of high glucose concentrations. However, high glucose was unable to modify uterine or placental prostanoid production in diabetic rats. We conclude that elevated glucose levels induced an abnormal prostanoid profile in control uteri and placenta, similar to those observed in non-insulin-dependent diabetic tissues