FRANCHI Ana Maria
Effect of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) on oviductal nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity: possible role of endogenous NO on PGF2 alpha-induced contractions in rat oviduct.
PEREZ-MARTINEZ, SILVINA; FRANCHI, ANA MARIA; VIGGIANO MARCELO; HERRERO MARIA BELEN; GIMENO MARTA
PROSTAGLANDINS & OTHER LIPID MEDIATORS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 1998 vol. 56 p. 155 - 166
In this paper, we evaluated the hypothesis that prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) regulates NOS activity and we also investigated, by means of nitric oxide inhibitors (N-monomethyl-L-arginine monoacetate, L-NMMA) the role of endogenous NO on PGF2 alpha-induced contractions in rat oviduct. NOS activity was determined by measuring the conversion of 14[C]-L-arginine to 14[C]-L-citrulline on oviductal homogenates from estrogenized rats (1 microgram/rat). The presence of PGF2 alpha (10(-8) M) in the incubation medium produced an increase in NOS activity (p < or = 0.05). The effect of the prostanoid was blocked completely by the presence of two NOS inhibitors: N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 0.6 mM) and aminoguanidine (Ag, 0.5 mM). These results suggested that PGF2 alpha could be modulating the Ca(2+)-independent NOS activity. We determined NOS activity using 1 mM EGTA, a chelator of Ca2+, in a free Ca2+ medium. These results indicated that PGF2 alpha produces an increase in Ca(2+)-independent NOS activity (p < or = 0.05). PGF2 alpha induces contraction of the oviductal smooth muscle in a concentration dependent manner. L-NMMA enhanced PGF2 alpha induced contraction of the oviduct, providing indirect evidence that there is a basal release of NO in the oviduct, which may reduce and/or modulate the contractile effects of PGF2 alpha.