ENRIZENRIZ] ricardoricardo] danieldaniel]
Amyloid-b fibril disruption by C60?molecular guidance for rational drug designw
S.ANDUJAR; F.LUGLI; S.HOFINGER; ENRIZENRIZ] R; F.ZERBETTO
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Lugar: CAMBRIDGE; Año: 2012 vol. 14 p. 8599 - 8599
The WHO has listed Alzheimer?s disease among the major neurological disorders with an estimated 35 million people affected worldwide. Amyloid-b is mostly believed to be the causative factor in Alzheimer?s disease and the severity of the disease correlates with the tendency of amyloid-b to form aggregation patterns?plaques. Lacking effective medication, the identification of any underlying mechanistic principles regarding plaque formation appears to be crucial. Here we carry out computer simulations to study the effect of C60 on structure and stability of an idealised pentameric construct of amyloid-b units (a model fibril). A binding site on top of the structurally ordered stack of b-sheets is identified that triggers structural alterations at the turn region of the hook-like b-sheet assembly. Significant structural alterations are: (i) the destruction of regular helical twist, (ii) the loss of a stabilizing salt bridge and (iii) the loss of a stabilizing hydrophobic interaction close to the turn. Consequently, the main effect of C60 is the induction of sizable destabilization in native fibril structure. These structural insights may serve as a molecular guide for further rational drug design of effective inhibitors targeting fibril formation in Alzheimer?s disease.