Brazil: ladders and snakes
Revista, e-journal of international relations
OBSERVARE, Universidad Autónoma de Lisboa
Lugar: Lisboa; Año: 2018 vol. 9
Moksha Patam is a game associated with traditional Hindu philosophy that was later marketed in England as "Ladders and Snakes".The evolution of Brazil in the last twenty years, especially its trajectory as an "emerging power", can be analysed taking into consideration this ancient Indian game. Indeed, during the first decade of the 21st century, Brazil enjoyed a great political and economic bonanza. In its actions, both nationally and internationally, only the "ladders" seemed to prevail, which drove domestic economic growth, increased the social welfare of the lower and middle classes and promoted the country's international emergence. However, in the beginning of the second decade of the new century, and in the wake of the 2008 crisis, the international game as a whole began to suffer complications. This systemic variable quickly combined with growing internal problems that dragged Brazil towards multiple "snakes" that plunged the country into economic recession, the reprimarization of the economy and corruption. In this context, it is then necessary to pose the question: what are the ladders that the Brazilian government succeeded to climb and stay in that position? What factors can explain the recent and increasingly frequent snakes Brazil is entrapped in? From a theoretical point of view, the discussion presented here is framed, in a broad sense, in the debates related to the rise and fall of powers in the international structure. To what extent do the internal and external factors that explain the future of a given State condition its position in the global framework? Taking into account the case of Brazil: what are the consequences - both regarding its achievements and its recent troubles ? for its international path?