NATALUCCI Ana Laura
congresos y reuniones científicas
Social policies during the left and right turns in Argentina: comparing the trajectories of rural and urban movements
LAPEGNA PABLO; ANA NATALUCCI
Workshop; Seminar Pink tides, right turns in Latin America; 2019
What were the relationships between social movements and the state during Cristina Kirchner?s two terms in government? How have these relationships been redefined during the Macri administration? We address these questions by examining the trajectories of rural and urban social movements in the context of the neo-developmentalist policies of the Kirchner administrations and during the neoliberal turn of the Macri government. First, we present an overview of the policies of rural development and welfare oriented toward popular sectors circa 2008-2015. Second, we zoom in on two specific policy areas ? an agency oriented toward ?family agriculture? and the program Argentina Trabaja, geared toward worker cooperatives ? and assess the effects of these engagements for social movements. Third, we discuss the redrawing of these policies during the structural adjustments of the Macri administration and a deepening of the extractivist model cemented during the Kirchner administrations. We close the paper by comparing the fates of these movements and offering hypotheses as to why urban social movements have maintained the capacity to press the state for resources, while rural social movements have been further marginalized and continue to face threats from the expanding encroachment of agribusiness upon rural territories.