SAAVEDRA Maria Lucila
Enhancement of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) production by Lactobacillus brevis CRL 2013 based on carbohydrate fermentation
CATALDO, PABLO G.; VILLEGAS, JOSEFINA M.; SAVOY DE GIORI, GRACIELA; SAAVEDRA, LUCILA; HEBERT, ELVIRA M.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Año: 2020 vol. 333
Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a non-protein amino acid that is widely distributed in nature and its physiological importance goes beyond its role as an inhibitory neurotransmitter of the central nervous system in mammals. Since microbial fermentation is one of the most promising methods to obtain GABA, the production of this metabolite by several strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from quinoa and amaranth sourdoughs was investigated. Lactobacillus brevis CRL 2013 produced the highest GABA levels, reaching 265 mM when optimal culture conditions were set up. The fermentative profile showed that CRL 2013 was able to catabolize carbohydrates through the phosphoketolase pathway yielding variable amounts of lactic acid, acetate and ethanol, which depended on the type of carbon source available and the presence of external electron acceptors such as fructose. Enhanced growth parameters and low GABA synthesis were associated to pentose fermentation. This impairment on GABA production machinery was partially overpassed by the addition of ethanol to the culture media. These results support the potential use of L. brevis CRL 2013 as a starter culture for the manufacture of GABA-enriched functional foods and provide further insights to the understanding of the GAD system regulation in lactic acid bacteria.