SAAVEDRA Maria Lucila
Apoptosis is secondary to non-apoptotic axonal degeneration in neurons exposed to Abeta in distal axons.
X SONG MS, SAAVEDRA L, DE CHAVES EI.
NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING
Año: 2006 p. 1224 - 1238
The goal of this study was to assess if neurons exposed to amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) exclusively in distal axons, undergo apoptosis. This is relevant to the loss of cholinergic neurons in Alzheimer's disease. Using a three-compartmented culture system for rat sympathetic neurons, we demonstrate that exposure of axons to Abeta1-42 activates an independent destruction program in axons, which leads to nuclear apoptosis. Abeta-induced axonal degeneration does not involve local caspase activation, but causes caspase activation in cell bodies. Accordingly, inhibition of caspase activation blocks Abeta-induced apoptosis but not axonal degeneration. In agreement with previous suggestions that disruption of nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated signaling might contribute to the loss of cholinergic neurons, we found that provision of NGF to cell bodies protects sympathetic neurons from Abeta-induced apoptosis. However, our data indicate that Abeta-induced axonal degeneration follows a mechanism different than that activated by NGF withdrawal. Only Abeta-induced axonal degeneration is prevented by the calpain inhibitor calpastatin and is insensitive to the inhibitor of the ubiquitin-proteasome system MG132. Importantly, inhibition of Abeta-induced axonal degeneration by calpastatin prevents nuclear apoptosis.