INVESTIGADORES
PERONE Marcelo Javier
artículos
Título:
Sex and strain variability in the rat hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function
Autor/es:
CHISARI, AN; CARINO, M; PERONE, MJ; GAILLARD, RC; SPINEDI, E
Revista:
JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION
Editorial:
EDITRICE KURTIS S R L
Referencias:
Año: 1995
ISSN:
0391-4097
Resumen:
In the present investigation, we examined the influence of both genetic background and sex factors in the rat hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function under both basal and post adrenalectomy (ADX) conditions. For these purposes adult female and male rats, from Sprague-Dawley (S-D), Fischer (F344/N), Lewis (LEW/N) and Buffalo (BUF) strains, were decapitated in basal condition or several (2, 7 and 14) days after ADX. Plasma stress hormones levels and adrenal corticosterone (B) concentration as well as peptide (ACTH, CRH and vasopressin, AVP) content in different tissues (anterior pituitary, AP; medial basal hypothalamus, MBH), were then evaluated by specific assays. Our results indicate that: a) despite no sex- and strain-related differences in AP ACTH and MBH ACTH secretagogues in basal condition, there exits a clear sexual dimorphism in plasma ACTH levels as well as in both plasma and adrenal B concentrations, with values significantly higher in females than in males, regardless the strain; b) ADX abolished plasma B levels and increased AP ACTH output in a time-dependent fashion up to the 14th day post surgery; c) AP ACTH content decreased 2 days after ADX, except in BUF female rats, thereafter tending to either recover or increase sham values by two weeks post ADX; d) ADX decreased MBH CRH at all periods studied, except in BUF female animals on day 14; e) ADX clearly diminished MBH AVP only in S-D rats, and f) a sexual dimorphism was also found in AP ACTH in 7-day-ADX S-D rats and in 14-day-ADX S-D and F344/N animals; also, a dimorphic pattern in MBH CRH was found in 7-day-ADX S-D as well as in 14-day-ADX F344/N and LEW/N rats. Our findings further indicate that both sex- and genetic-factors are able to modulate the rat HPA axis function under both physiological and pathophysiological conditions
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