ALFARO GOMEZ emma laura
Body mass index references. Diagnostic accuracy with theupper-armfatareainArgentineschoolchildren Referencias de índice de masa corporal. Precisión diagnóstica con área grasa braquial en escolares argentinos
LOMAGLIO, DELIA BEATRIZ; SERRANO, MARÍA DOLORES MARRODÁN; DIPIERRI, JOSÉ EDGARDO; ALFARO, EMMA LAURA; BEJARANO, IGNACIO FELIPE; CESANI, MARÍA FLORENCIA; DAHINTEN, SILVIA LUCRECIA; GARRAZA, MARIELA; MENECIER, NATALIA; NAVAZO, BÁRBARA; QUINTERO, FABIÁN ANÍBAL; ROMÁN, ESTELA MARÍA; TORRES, MARÍA FERNANDA; ZONTA, MARÍA LORENA
ARCHIVOS LATINOAMERICANOS DE NUTRICIÃ³N
ARCHIVOS LATINOAMERICANOS NUTRICION
Año: 2022 vol. 72 p. 31 - 42
Introduction: The body mass index (BMI) is an effective tool to detect weight overload in children and adolescents, associated with body adiposity. Objective. To analyze the concordance, sensitivity and specificity of three international BMI/age references (WHO, IOTF and CDC) to diagnose excess weight and to know their diagnostic accuracy to identify excess adiposity in relation to the brachial fat area (BFA) in Argentine child-youth population. Materials and methods. A multicenter, descriptive-comparative and cross-sectional study was carried out between 2003 and 2008 in 22.658 Argentine children and adolescents between aged 4 to 13 years. From the weight, height, arm circumference and tricipital fold, BMI and BFA were calculated. The concordance, sensitivity, and specificity of BMI / age references (WHO, IOTF, CDC,) were analyzed and the diagnostic precision (ROC curves) to identify excess adiposity, from the BFA, as well as the optimal cut-off point (OCP). Results. The three references had good agreement, the highest sensitivity corresponded to WHO and the highest specificity to IOTF. The area under the curve (AUC) was greater in Z-BMI/IOTF in men and in Z-BMI/WHO in women. The OCPs showed discrepancies, being higher with WHO. Conclusion. The three references show similar diagnostic accuracy to detect high caloric reserve, but with cut-off points for Z-BMI scores less than 2 Z scores. This is relevant for the identification of excess adiposity in populations in relation to the implementation of public policies for the prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases.