Triatoma infestans, to be or not to be autogenic?
LAMATTINA, D.; SALOMÓN, O.D.
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Año: 2023 vol. 237
Autogeny, the ability to develop eggs without a meal in the adult stage, has been described in several groups of arthropods, especially hematophagous Diptera Nematocera. In obligate hematophagous hemimetabolous insects that feed on blood in all their instars, such as Triatominae, this concept gives rise to species with apparently facultative autogeny, such as Triatoma infestans. Generalized linear models were applied to explain egg production by the predictor variables molting weight as a proxy of nymphal accumulated reserves and digested blood weight as an indicator of adult reserve in fasted, incompletely fed and engorged at repletion females. The relationship between these indicators of nutritional status and egg development turned out to be a continuous function in which, with molting weights greater than 254 mg, the insects are autogenic, but for the first batch of eggs with molting weights between 132 and 253 mg, they require one adult meal of at least 202 mg, and with molting weights less than 131 mg at least two meals are required. Both molting weight and blood intake could determine oocyte production in an additive manner, thus the concept of autogeny as a switch on-off phenomenon is not directly applicable to Triatominae. Nevertheless, autogenic ability would allow Triatominae with relatively long cycles to accelerate population growth under favorable or low competition conditions during colonization or recovery after a control intervention.