GONZÁLEZ Fernando Antonio Ignacio
Long-lasting effects of pandemics: The case of the 1918 influenza pandemic in Argentina
FERNANDO ANTONIO IGNACIO GONZÁLEZ; DIP, JUAN ANTONIO; LONDON, SILVIA
Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2021 vol. 37 p. 1 - 8
The 2019 novel coronavirus disease pandemic poses a serious threat. While its short-term effects are evident, its long-term consequences are a matter of analysis. In this work, the existence of long-lasting negative effects derived from exposure in utero to a great pandemic -1918 influenza pandemic- is analysed for the Argentine case. Outcomes of interest include educational achievement and unemployment status in adulthood -50 years after the pandemic. Based on a regression analysis, temporal differences in the spread of the pandemic and between close birth cohorts are exploited. The results indicate a significant reduction in educational achievement for people exposed in utero to the pandemic. In the region with the highest incidence of cases (Noroeste), this reduction is 0.5 years of education. There are no significant changes in the chances of being unemployed. In the context of climate change, these results constitute a call of attention for the implementation of child protection policies from gestation.