BECAS
GONZÁLEZ Fernando Antonio Ignacio
artículos
Título:
International sanctions and development: Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean (1950-2019)
Autor/es:
FERNANDO ANTONIO IGNACIO GONZÁLEZ
Revista:
Economic Affairs
Editorial:
Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA)
Referencias:
Lugar: London; Año: 2022
ISSN:
1468-0270
Resumen:
This article examines the impact of international sanctions on the economic development of sanctioned countries in the Latin American and Caribbean regions over the seven decades 1950?2019. The estimates arise from a two-way fixed effects model that combines data from the Global Sanctions Database and the World Development Indicators Database to examine outcomes in terms of economic growth, income inequality, and the incidence and gap of poverty. The findings confirm a significant worsening of development in sanctioned countries. The results are robust to multiple specifications and have important implications for international sanctions policies. If the sanctioning country seeks to minimise the consequences for the poorest in the sanctioned country, military sanctions appear to be the most appropriate, while if the objective is to maximise these consequences, sanctions on mobility are optimal.