CORMICK Maria Cecilia
Phase-space representations of symmetric informationally complete positive-operator-valued-measure fiducial states
SARACENO, MARCOS; ERMANN, LEONARDO; CORMICK, CECILIA
PHYSICAL REVIEW A - ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Año: 2017 vol. 95
The problem of finding symmetric informationally complete positive-operator-valued-measures (SIC-POVMs) has been solved numerically for all dimensions d up to 67 [A. J. Scott and M. Grassl, J. Math. Phys. 51, 042203 (2010)JMAPAQ0022-248810.1063/1.3374022], but a general proof of existence is still lacking. For each dimension, it was shown that it is possible to find a SIC-POVM that is generated from a fiducial state upon application of the operators of the Heisenberg-Weyl group. We draw on the numerically determined fiducial states to study their phase-space features, as displayed by the characteristic function and the Wigner, Bargmann, and Husimi representations, adapted to a Hilbert space of finite dimension. We analyze the phase-space localization of fiducial states, and observe that the SIC-POVM condition is equivalent to a maximal delocalization property. Finally, we explore the consequences in phase space of the conjectured Zauner symmetry. In particular, we construct a Hermitian operator commuting with this symmetry that leads to a representation of fiducial states in terms of eigenfunctions with definite semiclassical features.