Patients’ Explanatory Models about drug-resistant epilepsy in Argentina. A thematic analysis
SARUDIANSKY, MERCEDES; LANZILLOTTI, ALEJANDRA INÉS; ODDO, SILVIA; KOCHEN, SILVIA; D'ALESSIO, LUCIANA; PABLO KORMAN, GUIDO
SEIZURE : THE JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH EPILEPSY ASSOCIATION.
W B SAUNDERS CO LTD
Año: 2021 vol. 91 p. 409 - 416
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore explanatory models (EM) about epilepsy in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Design: A qualitative approach gathered data through semi-structured interviews, oriented to gain an in-depth and contextual understanding of EM about epilepsy of patients with DRE. Data collection and analysis were followed by an inductive and interpretive approach informed by the principles of thematic analysis. Results: 75 patients from two public hospitals participated. Emerging codes were grouped into three categories: Biomedical EM, Psychosocial EM, and Traditional EM. Also, factors that trigger or increase the frequency of seizures were reported. Conclusions: Patients? EM regarding epilepsy are complex, as biological, psychological, and supernatural aspects intertwine. EM represent a method of understanding the way people explain, recognize, and act in relation to a medical condition. Since patients? beliefs regarding their illness are related to mental disorders, and quality of life, EM could shed light on the real impact of illness in the life of people, and, in turn, guide those intervention strategies to the patients? subjectivity, in order to improve the treatment compliance, reduce distress, and improve health-related quality of life, among other aspects.