Sex differences in demographic and clinical characteristics of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: A retrospective multicenter international study. .
ALI A. ASADI-POOYA, LORNA MYERS, KETTE VALENTE, ANILU DAZA RESTREPO, LUCIANA D'ALESSIO, TYSON SAWCHUK, MARYAM HOMAYOUN, ZAHRA BAHRAMI, RUDÁ ALESSI, ANGÉLICA ARONI PAYTAN, SILVIA KOCHEN ET AL
EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR (PRINT)
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2019 vol. 97 p. 154 - 157
Purpose: Sex-related differences have been reported in patients with neurological and psychiatric disorders. It isalso plausible to assume that there might be differences between females and males with psychogenicnonepileptic seizures (PNES).Methods: In this retrospective study, we investigated patients with PNES, who were admitted to the epilepsymonitoring units at centers in Iran, the USA, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, and Venezuela. Age, sex, age at seizureonset, seizure semiology, factors potentially predisposing to PNES, and video-electroencephalography recordingof all patients were registered routinely.Results: Four hundred and fifty-one patients had PNES-only and were eligible for inclusion; 305 patients (67.6%)were females. We executed a logistic regression analysis, evaluating signi ficant variables in univariate analyses(i.e., age, age at onset, aura, presence of historical sexual or physical abuse, and family dysfunction). The only variables retaining signi ficance were historical sexual abuse (p = 0.005) and presence of aura (p = 0.01); physicalabuse was borderline signi ficant (p = 0.05) (all three were more prevalent among females).Conclusion: Similarities between females and males outweigh the differences with regard to the demographicand clinical characteristics of PNES. However, notable differences are that females more often report lifetime adverse experiences (sexual and probably physical abuse) and auras. While social, psychological, and genetic factors may interact with lifetime adverse experiences in the inception of PNES, the link is not yet clear. This is aninteresting avenue for future studies.