PERSONAL DE APOYO
SERRA Analia Veronica
Epibenthic microbial mats behavior as phosphorus sinks or sources in relation to biological and physicochemical conditions
PERILLO, VANESA LILIANA; LA COLLA, NOELIA SOLEDAD; PAN, JERÓNIMO; SERRA, ANALÍA VERÓNICA; BOTTÉ, SANDRA ELIZABETH; CUADRADO, DIANA GRACIELA
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2022 vol. 314
Microbial mats are complex microecosystems that have shown promise as possible green filters to remediate polluted seawater. This usage would possibly require changing the natural conditions under which these microbial mats prosper in order to maximize their contact with the water. Thus, it is necessary to evaluate the adaptation of the mats to different environmental conditions, while monitoring their short-term efficiency at nutrient removal. To that aim, epibenthic microbial mats collected from a tidal flat in the Bahía Blanca Estuary, were incubated under different flooding conditions (periodically exposed to the air or continuously flooded), with and without the addition of a high phosphorus concentration (5 mg PO4 3− L−1), and with and without the presence of penicillin. This last condition was added to understand the influence of penicillin-sensitive microbeson cyanobacteria and diatom communities and their importance for P remediation. The presence of high P concentrations as well as the continual flooding of the mats resulted in the decrease of the dominant cyanobacterium, Coleofasciculus (Microcoleus) chthonoplastes, giving rise to the dominance of other genera such as Arthrospira sp. Or Oscillatoria sp., depending on the presence or absence of the antibiotic, respectively. Water P removal was highly efficient (60?87%) when the mats were treated with the high-P water. However, microbial mat behavior changed from P sink to source when mats where incubated in seawater with no P addition, suggesting that mats can both function as P sinks and sources, depending on the condition of the water they come in contact with.