BLASINA Gabriela Elizabeth
Relationship between ecomorphology and trophic segregation in four closely related sympatric fish species (Teleostei, Sciaenidae)
BLASINA GABRIELA; MOLINA J.M.; LOPEZ CAZORLA A.C.; DÍAZ DE ASTARLOA J.M.
COMPTES RENDUS BIOLOGIES
ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER
Lugar: Paris; Año: 2016 vol. 339 p. 498 - 506
This study explores the relationship between ecomorphology and trophic segregation in four closely related sympatric fish species (Teleostei, Sciaenidae) that are known to differ in their trophic habits. Only adult specimens were analyzed: 103 Cynoscion guatucupa, 77 Pogonias cromis, 61 Micropogonias furnieri and 48 Menticirrhus americanus. The four species presented divergent ecomorphological traits related to swimming agility, prey spotting and capture, and the potential size of prey they were able to swallow. Results suggest that these sciaenid species can partition the food resources, even though they completely overlap in space. Differences in their ecomorphological traits appear to correlate closely with the diet and consequently could explain the trophic differentiation observed. Arguably, these ecomorphological differences play a significant role in the coexistence of the adults of these sympatric fish species.