GONZALEZ Carina Veronica
Morphology and Hydraulic Architecture of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Syrah and TorronteÂs Riojano Plants Are Unaffected by Variations in Red to Far-Red Ratio
GONZALEZ, CARINA VERONICA; JOFRE, MARÍA FLORENCIA; VILA, HERNÁN; STOFFEL, MARKUS; BOTTINI, RUBÉN; GIORDANO, CARLA VALERIA
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Lugar: San Francisco; Año: 2016 vol. 11 p. 1 - 1
Plants have evolved an array of specific photoreceptors to acclimate to the light environment.By sensing light signals, photoreceptors modulate plant morphology, carbon- and water-physiology, crop yield and quality of harvestable organs, among other responses.Many cultural practices and crop management decisions alter light quantity and quality perceived by plants cultivated in the field. Under full sunlight, phytochromes perceive high red to far red ratios (R:FR; 1.1), whereas overhead or lateral low R:FR (below 1.1) are sensed inthe presence of plant shade or neighboring plants, respectively. Grapevine is one of the most important fruit crops in the world. To date, studies on grapevine response to light focused on different Photosynthetic Active Radiation (PAR) levels; however, limited data exist about its response to light quality. In this study we aimed to investigate morphological,biochemical, and hydraulic responses of Vitis vinifera to variations in R:FR. Therefore, we irradiated syrah and TorronteÂs Riojano plants, grown in a glasshouse, with lateral FR light (low lateral R:FR treatment), while others, that were kept as controls, were not irradiated (ambient lateral R:FR treatment). In response to the low lateral R:FR treatment, grapevine plants did not display any of the SAS morphological markers (i.e. stem length, petiole length and angle, number of lateral shoots) in any of the cultivars assessed, despite an increase ingibberelins and auxin concentrations in leaf tissues. Low lateral R:FR did not affect dry matter partitioning, water-related traits (stomata density and index, wood anatomy), or water-related physiology (plant conductance, transpiration rate, stem hydraulic conductivity, stomatal conductance). None of the Vitis vinifera varieties assessed displayed the classical morphological and hydraulic responses associated to SAS induced by phytochromes. We discuss these results in the context of natural grapevine environment and agronomical relevance.