Insights into panicoid inflorescence evolution
REINHEIMER R.; AMSLER A.; VEGETTI ABELARDO C.
ORGANISMS DIVERSITY & EVOLUTION
Lugar: HEIDELBERG; Año: 2013 vol. 13 p. 97 - 110
Inflorescence forms can be described by different combinatorial patterns of meristem fates (indeterminate versus determinate). In theory, the model predicts that any combination is possible. Whether this is true for grasses is unknown. In this paper, the subfamily Panicoideae s.s. (panicoid grasses) was chosen as the model group to investigate this aspect of grass inflorescence evolution. We have studied the inflorescence morphology of 201 species to complement information available in the literature. We have identified the most recurrent inflorescence types and character states among panicoids. Using multivariate approaches, we have indentified correlations among different inflorescence character states. By phylogenetic reconstruction methods we have inferred the patterns of panicoid inflorescence evolution. Our results demonstrate that not all theoretical combinatorial patterns of variation are found in panicoids. The fact that each panicoid lineage has a unique pattern of inflorescence evolution adds an evolutionary component to combinatorial model.